How Should People with Liver Diseases be Eat?


What foods should we consume to protect the health of our liver? What are the foods that are good for the liver? How is the diet list in liver failure? If you have problems with the liver, you may be wondering the answers to such questions. In this article, issues such as which foods are beneficial for liver patients, which foods are harmful, diet plan are included.

The liver is perhaps the most critical organ of our body. The liver has many important functions. It stores energy sources such as iron, vitamins and fats and sugars. For example, it converts starch into glucose, producing bile fluid for the digestion of fats. It removes toxic substances such as alcohol and drugs that can be harmful to the body. Enzyme produces protein. When looking at these functions, it is seen that the liver is a very important organ.

So what should we do to protect the health of our liver or liver diseases? What foods should we consume, what should we drink? Let’s talk about these issues now.

11 Great Rules for the Health of Your Liver

First of all, whether it is liver diseases or protecting the health of our liver, you should consider the following recommendations.

  • More protein, less fat
  • Reduce carbohydrate-rich foods, fast food, and foods containing saturated fat.
  • Avoid alcohol absolutely
  • You should avoid fried potatoes, fatty sauces, fatty meats and sugary drinks.
  • Consume foods containing antioxidants. (Especially antioxidants including Omega-3, Selenium, Glutathione, Vitamin C, Vitamin E.)
  • Do not eat other mushrooms except cultivated mushrooms.
  • You should be protected from Hepatitis – A Hepatitis – B and Hepatitis – C viruses. For this, you must first scan for hepatitis.
  • Stay away from chemicals. You should not take chemicals into the body as much as possible. One should pay attention to additives in the foods we eat, and non-prescription drugs should never be used.
  • Protect your heart health. Heart disease can also affect the liver.
  • Do not try every herbal mixture. If you do not know the content of ready-to-use mixes, do not use them.
  • Avoid antibiotics and pain relievers as much as possible.

What Should People With Moderate Liver Failure Eat?

Those with non-severe liver failure, that is, those with moderate hepatic insufficiency, should pay attention to the foods they eat. Which foods should people with moderate liver failure consume, which foods should they stay away from? Let’s look at the answers to the questions in our minds.

  • You should stay away from sour, bitter and salty foods.
  • Food with food additives should not be consumed.
  • Do not consume too much fiber foods as they are not digested well and take a long time.
  • Spices, flavors and fragrances should not be used. Oils with additives should not be used, unrefined raw olive oil should be preferred.
  • Avoid fatty and fried meats.
  • Do not consume foods such as salami, sausage, sausage.
  • Dry legumes, oily and tomato paste sauces should be removed from the diet list.
  • Protein needs should be met from foods such as lean meat, milk, dairy products, fish and vegetables.
  • Fat need should be met from meat, fish, milk and cooking oil.
  • Carbohydrate needs should be met from products such as bread, potatoes, rice and vegetables.

Note: Liver failure and alcohol dependence cause malabsorption in the intestines. As a result, vitamin and mineral deficiency may occur. In this case, vitamin pills can also be used.

What Should People With Severe Liver Failure Eat?

If you have severe liver failure, you should pay more attention to what you eat and drink. In this disease, the brain can be damaged. First of all, the sick person should be treated at the hospital. Before mentioning the nutritional issue, the liver cannot do its job properly, so it cannot break down the toxic substances in the body. In this case, toxic substances (such as ammonia) mix with the blood into the circulatory system. Nutrition should be very careful in this case, which can cause brain damage.

First, some bacteria in the gut break down proteins and release toxic substances. Since the liver is not enough, this poison spreads throughout the body. What should be done in this case;

  1. In severe liver disease, protein is not given at first.
  2. The patient should take carbohydrates and fat. It can be bread, honey, oil, lemonade, protein-free foods.
  3. Vegetables and fruits should be consumed for vitamins and minerals. If necessary, ready-made vitamin pills should be used.
  4. 4-6 grams of antibiotics per day can be given to prevent the formation of toxic substances.
  5. As the patient gets better, the amount of poison (ammonia) in the blood decreases. In this case, lactose treatment is used instead of antibiotics.
  6. If the patient improves with this treatment, the amount of protein required for the body can be given, even if it is small. Small amounts of foods such as eggs, milk, yoghurt and low protein vegetables (pumpkin, cucumber, celery, carrot, eggplant, tomato…) can be given.
  7. If the patient’s recovery continues, the amount of protein is increased.

Note: If the patient has edema and water accumulation, attention should be paid to the amount of sodium.

Here is a Sample Diet List


Breakfast: Skimmed milk or nonfat yogurt, honey, marmalade, orange juice, fresh fruit, bread, rusks, etc.

Lunch: Pasta or rice cooked in unrefined oil, boiled potatoes, lean meat; If chicken meat is to be eaten, its skin should not be eaten, raw or cooked seasonal vegetables, citrus juice, fresh fruit, etc.

Dried fruits, dates, pine nuts, chestnuts should not be eaten.

Dinner: Vegetable salad or vegetable soup, rice cooked with lean broth, boiled egg, fresh fruit, detox water

If you want, you can check our other dietary recommendations

You can make your own diet list by considering the above warnings. But you have to prepare it in consultation with an expert. Do not forget to drink plenty of water and exercise.

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